弁護士谷直樹/医療事件のみを取り扱う法律事務所のブログ

米国FDA,タバコの新警告文発表,Cigarettes are addictive/Smoking can kill you/Cigarettes cause cancer

b0206085_15453196.jpg
米国FDAは,平成23年6月21日,たばこ規制法」に基づき,来年9月から新たにタバコの箱の前面上部2分の1以上に掲載を義務づける写真付き警告文9種類を発表しました.写真付きの警告文はすでに40以上の国で採用されています.米国もようやくそれに追いついたわけです.

WARNING: Cigarettes are addictive.
Tobacco use can rapidly lead to the development of nicotine addiction, which in turn increases the frequency of tobacco use and prevents people from quitting. Research suggests that nicotine is as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol.

WARNING: Tobacco smoke can harm your children.
Secondhand smoke can cause serious health problems in children. Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are inhaling many of the same cancer-causing substances and poisons as smokers.

WARNING: Cigarettes cause fatal lung disease.
Smoking causes lung diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic airway obstruction. About 90 percent of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking.

WARNING: Cigarettes cause cancer.
Smoking causes approximately 90 percent of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80 percent of all lung cancer deaths in women. Smoking also causes cancers of the bladder, cervix, esophagus, kidney, larynx, lung, mouth, throat, stomach, uterus, and acute myeloid leukemia. Nearly one-third of all cancer deaths are directly linked to smoking.

WARNING: Cigarettes cause strokes and heart disease.
More than 140,000 deaths from heart disease and stroke in the United States are caused each year by smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. Compared with nonsmokers, smoking is estimated to increase the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke by 2 to 4 times.

WARNING: Smoking during pregnancy can harm your baby.
Smoking during pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage, stillborn or premature infants, infants with low birth weight and an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

WARNING: Smoking can kill you.
More than 1,200 people a day are killed by cigarettes in the United States alone, and 50 percent of all long-term smokers are killed by smoking-related diseases. Tobacco use is the cause of death for nearly one out of every five people in the United States, which adds up to about 443,000 deaths annually.

WARNING: Tobacco smoke causes fatal lung disease in nonsmokers.
Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke are inhaling many of the same cancer-causing substances and poisons as smokers. Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke increase their risk of developing lung cancer by 20–30 percent.

FDA「Cigarette Health Warnings」ご参照


WSJ「米FDA、たばこ向け新警告ラベル公開-病気の肺の写真も」は,警告の効果を期待できるという見方を示しています.

「疾病対策予防センター(CDC)が公表した調査結果によると、14カ国のうち 13カ国で、25%を超える喫煙者が写真付きの警告ラベルが禁煙を考えるきっかけになったと答えている。またカナダがん協会が01年に委託した調査による と、44%の喫煙者は警告ラベルによって禁煙意欲が増したと回答した。米連邦政府の諮問機関、アメリカ医学研究所は07年のリポートの中で、写真入りの警 告ラベルが喫煙の健康リスクに対するより良い理解をもたらす可能性があり、米国のたばこ消費量が減るだろうと結論付けている。」

タバコ喫煙の害は,米国人に限りません.日本人も同様の害を被ります.
日本でも,同様の警告表示が必要と思います.

谷直樹
下記バナーのクリックを御願いいたします.弁護士ブログ176サイト中の順位がわかります.

にほんブログ村 士業ブログ 弁護士へ
にほんブログ村
by medical-law | 2011-06-22 15:32 | タバコ